If your central air conditioner isn’t keeping you cool, it’s time to learn about the refrigerant at the root of the problem.
This article will explore the ins and outs of air-con refrigerant, from the different types used in new and existing systems to how it works in an air conditioning system.
Plus, you’ll learn about the evolution of refrigerants and the next generation of refrigerants that may be on the way.
So read on to find out what refrigerant is used in modern central air conditioners.
Table of Contents
What Refrigerant is Used in Central Air Conditioners?
Regarding central air conditioners, the refrigerant used is an essential factor affecting the system’s efficiency.
Refrigerants are used to remove heat from the air and cool down your space.
There are two common types of refrigerants that are used in residential AC systems: R-22 (Freon) and R-410A (Puron).
R-22 is the older type of refrigerant and is being phased out due to its environmental impact.
R-410A is the newer type of refrigerant and is more efficient and environmentally friendly.
Both types of refrigerants work by absorbing heat from the air, evaporating, and then releasing the heat outside.
This process helps to maintain a consistent temperature inside the home.
When selecting a refrigerant for your AC system, it is important to consider the age and efficiency of your system.
Older systems may require R-22, while newer systems may require R-410A.
It is also important to consider the cost of the refrigerant and the cost of installation.
Make sure to consult with a professional to determine the best option for your AC system.
What is Air Conditioning Refrigerant?
When it comes to air conditioning, refrigerant is an essential component.
It is the liquid that flows between the outdoor and indoor units, working to absorb the heat from the space and release it to the outside.
This process helps make the space cool and comfortable.
When you turn on your air conditioner, the refrigerant liquid is activated.
It is like an invisible worker that helps to keep your space at a comfortable temperature.
Without it, the air conditioner would not be able to function.
Refrigerant is made from a mixture of chemicals.
It is important to ensure the right amount of refrigerant is used in the air conditioner.
Too little or too much can cause the air conditioner to malfunction, leading to costly repairs.
That is why having a professional technician check your air conditioner regularly is important to ensure it is functioning properly.
In addition to ensuring that the right amount of refrigerant is used, it is also important to ensure that the refrigerant is not leaking.
Leaks can cause the refrigerant levels to drop, leading to a malfunctioning air conditioner.
Suppose you notice suspicious signs from your air conditioner, such as strange noises or dripping sounds. In that case, it’s time to call in a professional.
So, air conditioner refrigerant is a liquid that helps to keep your space cool and comfortable.
It is important to ensure that the right amount of refrigerant is used and that no leaks are present.
If you notice anything out of the ordinary, don’t hesitate to call in a professional to have your air conditioner checked.
Types of Refrigerants for New and Old Systems
When it comes to refrigerant types for new and existing systems, there are a few important things to be aware of.
R12, a refrigerant linked to the greenhouse gas effect, is no longer used due to the damage it can cause to the environment.
R22, also known as Freon, is another refrigerant that has been linked to environmental damage, such as ozone depletion.
Because of this, it is being phased out by 2020.
R410A (Puron) is a replacement for R22 and is less harmful to the environment while also providing more efficiency, better air quality, and increased comfort and reliability.
It is important to note that systems that used to run on R22 cannot use R410A and will likely need to be upgraded or replaced.
Being aware of the different types of refrigerants and their associated effects is essential for any appliance service technician.
The type of refrigerant used in any system will significantly influence the overall performance, efficiency, and environmental impact of the system.
As such, it is important for appliance service technicians to be knowledgeable about the different types of refrigerants in order to ensure that they are providing the best possible service.
How Does The Air Conditioning System’s Refrigerant Function?
An air conditioning system relies on refrigerant to function properly.
Refrigerant is a liquid that is located inside the copper coils within the air conditioning unit.
Once the system is turned on, the refrigerant begins to travel through the system, alternating between different states of matter.
The refrigerant starts out as a low-pressure gas, but as it moves through the air conditioner, it absorbs heat and then changes to a high-pressure liquid.
This liquid then travels to the outdoor unit, where it releases heat through the process of condensation.
Once it reaches the indoor unit, it turns into a low-pressure gas again due to the cooler temperatures coming into contact with the warmer air, resulting in evaporation.
The refrigerant cycle is continuous, and the level of refrigerant remains the same throughout the system’s life, provided it doesn’t experience any leaks.
This means that the air conditioner won’t run out of refrigerant and will be able to continue functioning as it should.
Overall, the refrigerant in an air conditioning system is essential for it to operate correctly.
It travels between different states and absorbs and releases heat, allowing cool air to be circulated throughout the home.
The refrigerant cycle is continuous, and the level of refrigerant remains the same as long as there are no leaks present.
A History of Refrigerants
The evolution of refrigerant has been a long and winding road, beginning with the invention of a primitive ice-maker method by Dr.
Gorrie in the 1830’s.
Since then, the industry has made several advancements in the realm of refrigerants.
One such advancement came in the early 1930s when a trio of scientists – Thomas Midgley, Albert Henne, and Robert McNary – developed chlorofluorocarbon refrigerants (CFCs).
This discovery was a major breakthrough for the industry, as these compounds were non-flammable, thus improving the safety of air conditioners.
For many years, R-22 (or HCFC-22) was the standard refrigerant used in residential air conditioners.
Unfortunately, this compound contains chlorine, which is highly damaging to the ozone layer.
As a result, it was included in the Montreal Protocol list of substances to be phased out of production for new air conditioners and heat pumps.
This has led to the development of more ozone-friendly alternatives, such as R-410A, which is now used in most modern refrigeration systems.
Overall, the evolution of refrigerants has come a long way since Dr.
Through research and development, the industry has created compounds that are safer and less damaging to the environment.
It’s exciting to think about where the next breakthroughs will take us!
As an appliance service technician, I am very aware of the shift in the market towards next-generation refrigerants, as proposed by the Kigali Amendment.
The leading replacement for R-410A is R-32, and it has one-third of the global warming potential, which is a huge step in the right direction for our environment.
We have already seen products with R-32 introduced in the US, and codes and standards are being updated to allow for its mainstream use as early as the 2020s.
For homeowners who are replacing R-410A systems with new R-410A equipment, they can rest assured that they are purchasing a chlorine-free option, as well as potentially increasing the energy-efficiency level of the air conditioner or heat pump for their homes.
This is a great way to stay up to date with the latest technology while also doing your part for the planet.
At the end of the day, it’s important to understand the impact that refrigerants have on the environment and to do our part to minimize our carbon footprint.
By embracing the shift to next-generation refrigerants, we can help ensure that our environment remains healthy and sustainable for generations to come.
It’s a win-win for everyone!
In conclusion, refrigerant is essential to the proper functioning of your home’s air conditioning system.
It’s important to be aware of the different types of refrigerants used in air conditioners and the implications they have on the environment.
If you’re concerned about the impact your air conditioning system is having on the environment, making sure you’re using the right refrigerant can help you to reduce your carbon footprint.
Suppose you’re looking to upgrade your air conditioning system and want to make sure you’re using the most eco-friendly option. In that case, it’s best to speak with a professional appliance service technician.